Whether you are visiting a foreign country for a vacation or you planning to move there, it is imperative that you get to know about the legal system and the laws of that country. Residents and non-residents alike are subject to the laws of sovereign jurisdictions like Canada.
So as long as you are in this country, you can be arrested, tried, and punished according to their law. For people who plan on moving to this country, it is all the more important to know about the country’s legal system and its laws.
Read on to learn more about the Canadian legal system.
The Canadian legal system
The supreme mandate of Canada is the constitution. Much of the government and legal system of Canada is modeled after the United Kingdom.
The core of the Canadian Constitution is the Constitution Act of 1867, which basically discusses the division of powers between two governments: the provincial governments and the federal governments.
The highest court in the country is the Supreme Court of Canada. The main police forces are the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the provincial police departments, as well as the local or territorial police.
Understanding the legal system of the country will not only help you to stay out of trouble, but can also prove most valuable in times of need.
Laws you should keep in mind
As mentioned above, the Constitution is the most significant legal document in Canada, so you should know and understand it well. If you are looking for information on the structure of law and governance in the country, you may want to look at the Constitution Act of 1867. To learn about the most basic rights of every person, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a great source for legal matters. Other laws to keep in mind:
- Children’s rights – Until children are 16, their parents are bound by the law to provide them life’s basic necessities.
- Men and women are equal – All people are obligated by law to give fair treatment to both men and women.
- Domestic violence – Any and all kinds of violence toward another person is illegal.
- Seniors’ rights – Citizens who are 65 years or older are considered senior citizens and receive benefits accordingly.
- Language rights – Canadian citizens have the right to federal government services in French and English.